Patient Education

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What is Periodontal Disease?

Diagnosis of Poor Gums and Consequences

The word "periodontal" literally means "around the tooth". Periodontal Disease (also known as "gum disease" or "periodontal infection") is an ongoing bacterial infection in the gums and bone around your teeth. This infection leads to an inflammation under the gums, and if not treated, this inflammation can destroy the bone around your teeth. This results in tooth loss. 75% of all adult tooth loss is due to periodontal infection.

Gum Disease Linked To Heart Disease

More importantly, research has associated periodontal infection to several serious medical problems; including heart disease, diabetes and stroke (see the "The Consequences of Periodontal Disease" section). As ongoing research continues to define how periodontal disease is associated with these and other health problems, oral health maintenance is essential. Periodontal health is a key component to a healthy body.

What is an "ongoing infection"?

Have you ever gotten a sliver of wood caught under the skin of your hand? Because the wound is open to bacteria, the site may become infected and so appear red and inflamed.   In time, your immune system fights off the bacteria and your hand heals when the sliver has been removed.

During an ongoing infection, however, your immune system is unable to conquer the bacteria on its own, and the pain and redness continue to worsen.

Periodontal disease is an ongoing infection in the pockets around your teeth.   You cannot fight off the infection alone, but with periodontal therapy, we are able to remove debris and bacteria from the site, allowing the gum to heal as your hand had.

What Can Cause a "Burst" of Infection Activity?

People with periodontal disease have low resistance to periodontal bacteria. This causes an ongoing gum infection that grows in "bursts" of activity. Each time it grows, more support for your teeth is lost. Some factors that can cause this to occur may include:

  1. Poor oral hygiene
  2. Dental plaque
  3. Smoking
  4. Genetic factors
  5. Stress or tension
  6. Diet
  7. Age
  8. Illness
  9. Bad bite
  10. Systemic Illness
  11. Smoking / Tobacco
  12. Grinding

Getting Periodontal Infection Treated Right Away

When your infection has a burst of activity, or when there are signs that this is about to occur, your general dentist may recommend you see a periodontist.

Symptoms of Periodontal Infection

Periodontal infection is usually painless until it reaches an advanced stage. However, there are some symptoms which can indicate the presence of periodontal infection.

These may include:

  1. Red or swollen gums
  2. Bleeding when brushing (pink toothbrush), or at other times
  3. Aching, itchy, sore or tender gums
  4. Receding gums (teeth beginning to look longer)
  5. Pus between your teeth and gums when you press down on the gums
  6. Bad breath
  7. Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  8. Any change in the fit of partial dentures
  9. Loose, separating or protruding teeth
  10. Spaces between teeth

If you notice any of the above warning signs of periodontal infection, please contact your general dentist and ask for a periodontal evaluation.

Important Note: Your gums can look and feel quite normal and yet deep pockets of periodontal infection can still be present. To be certain about any periodontal disease, ask your dentist or periodontist to examine your gums for signs of infection.

Who is a Periodontist?

A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease. Many periodontists have also taken advanced training in the placement of dental implants. Periodontists receive extensive training in these areas, including 3 additional years of education beyond dental school. Periodontics is one of the 8 specialties recognized by the American Dental Association.

Periodontists also provide other treatments, such as crown lengthening and bone regeneration (see the Procedures section for more information on these procedures).

Find Us

2640 Patriot Blvd. Suite 140 Glenview, IL 60026 Get Directions
Tel: (847) 729-0200 Fax: (847) 729-0202 Contact Us
Hannah Flint
Hannah Flint

5 out of 5 stars

posted 1 year ago
I had a great experience with a series of recent surgical procedures done by Dr. Gromov. I knew that I needed a gum graft - a surgery I had been postponing for some time and the more I researched it the more I dreaded it. Luckily, the experience at Dr. Gromov's office was as pleasant as it can get. Before the surgery he took time to answer all of my questions and walk me through the process, he...
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Marge Gagliano
Marge Gagliano

5 out of 5 stars

posted 2 years ago
I was so satisfied with Dr. Vladmir Reznikow, and his assistant who both were very information and answered all my questions since this was my 1st Implant.
michelle kobran
michelle kobran

5 out of 5 stars

posted 2 years ago
This is an exceptional office. I will recommend it to everyone. Dr. Gromov is highly professional, knowledgeable and very positive person. He is good with patients, helpful and is fast but excellent.
Larisa Kunovsky
Larisa Kunovsky

5 out of 5 stars

posted 2 years ago
I know Dr. Reznikov more than 10 years. He and his great team are always doing all the best ! They really care. I recommended Dr. Reznikov to some of my friends and they were absolutely satisfied.
Katherine Kostecki
Katherine Kostecki

5 out of 5 stars

posted 2 years ago
I have only great things to say about my treatment with Dr. Reznikov. He is extremely knowledgeable and confident in what he does. The office is comfortable and equipment is technologically advanced compared to that of other offices I looked into before deciding on Glen Periodontics. I received a laser treatment and am happy I went that route - not many offices in the area even offer the...
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Joy Rush
Joy Rush

5 out of 5 stars

11 months ago
I had a dental implant done elsewhere about 20 years ago and it failed. I had a marilyn bridge in the open space for the last 2 decades and it was beginning to fall apart. I got engaged in October and had the wedding date set for May. I needed to do something because it looked awful when I smiled and I wanted to have nice pictures for my wedding. I was worried about doing another implant and...
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nancy ward
nancy ward

5 out of 5 stars

2 years ago
I was referred to Dr. Reznikov for a receding gum in which I had to have a tissue graft procedure. They showed video of the procedure and kept you well informed of what would take place. The staff was very professional and helpful. Its now been 2 weeks since the procedure and I have had no pain, or side effects. I have scheduled my next procedure and will be having an implant done at the end...
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I Z
I Z

5 out of 5 stars

a month ago
I was accommodated within 8 hours at Glen Periodontics by dr. Gromov. That was my first visit with the new doctor and I did not expect much. When I left less than an hour later after a complicated extraction I couldn't remember if I had actually just had my wisdom tooth extracted, or caught up with an old friend. Dr. Gromov is caring, kind, professional, warm, and gentle with great sense of...
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Jim Tsevis
Jim Tsevis

5 out of 5 stars

a year ago
Dr. Reznikov and his staff were excellent. I had a number of proceedures that I needed done and they were explained to me step by step in the simplest of terms. I felt the whole staff was extremely knowledgable, professional and sincerely concerned about how I was feeling during the proceedures as well as the following day. Dr. Reznikov came highly recommended to me from a friend when I was...
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MJ S
MJ S

5 out of 5 stars

2 years ago
I was very please w the services Dr. Reznikov and his staff provided. He and his staff really work as a team. They are friendly and work in a efficient manner. I would highly recommend Dr. Reznikov for periodontics and implant dentistry.
Patti Sun
Patti Sun

5 out of 5 stars

5 months ago
Thanks Dr. Riznikov and your team for your remarkable treatments done on me. I am very happy with your services. The implant surgery was impeccable. I was very amazed by the whole process from the consultation to the following surgery. I lost teeth #18 & #19 (1st and 2nd molars on lower left) in July. Sadly I couldn’t function as biting and chewing on left side. The space of missing...
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Mimi Boisette
Mimi Boisette

5 out of 5 stars

2 years ago
Dr. Reznikov and his staff have been the best from my experience visiting a dentist office, they are very very professional. The first time I visited Dr. Reznikov's office with a lingering gum problem,I never knew that there such a thing as deep cleaning he took the time to explain what the problem was and the cause of if . I can honestly say that I entered Dr. Reznikov feeling gozila and came...
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Chris Koziol
Chris Koziol

5 out of 5 stars

2 years ago
The experience in a nutshell is PAINLESS!!!! The whole idea of an implant to me was a little intimidating.Let me tell you ,it's not! The whole procedure,which took several months was Painless and pleasant. Dr. Reznikov and the whole staff are professional and friendly. I do Highly recommend the office. Keep Smiling!!! Chris
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